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Hi, Im looking for information about the national anthem of Portugal.
Who wrote the Portuguese national anthem (lyrics and music)?
When was the national anthem of Portugal officially adopted?
Please add any valuable information like links to anthem's mp3, video, lyrics, free sheet music etc.
asked in Countries And Government by (17.5k points)

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The National anthem of Portugal is "A Portugesa" which means in English "The Song of the Portuguese".
Portugal's anthem lyrics were written by Henrique LOPES DE MENDOCA and the music was written by Alfredo KEIL.
Adopted 1910; "A Portuguesa" Was Originally Written To Protest The Portuguese Monarchy's Acquiescence To The 1890 British Ultimatum Forcing Portugal To Give Up Areas Of Africa; The Lyrics Refer To The "Insult" That Resulted From The Event.
 
National anthem of Portugal free mp3 download
Press to download the mp3 file of Portugal's National anthem - See link (file source: cia world factbook).
 
Listen to Portugal national anthem on Youtube
 
Portuguese anthem lyrics (English translation)
Approximate translation
Heroes of the sea, noble people,
Brave and immortal nation,
Raise once again today,
The splendor of Portugal!
Among the haze of memory,
Oh Fatherland, one feels the voice
Of your distinguished forefathers,
That shall lead you to victory!
 
Chorus:
To arms, to arms!
Over land, over sea,
To arms, to arms!
For the Fatherland, fight!
Against the cannons, march on, march on!
 
 
You can find more information about Portuguese anthem on Wikipedia - See link.
Sheet Music: View the Portuguese national anthem sheet music - See link.

 

Portugal
Portuguese national symbol: armillary sphere (a spherical astrolabe modeling objects in the sky and representing the Republic).

Portugal flag

Conventional short form country name: Portugal.
Conventional long form country name: Portuguese Republic.
Local short form country name: Portugal.
Local long form country name: Republica Portuguesa.
 
Portugal Government Type: republic; parliamentary democracy.
 
Parliamentary democracy is a political system in which the legislature (parliament) selects the government - a prime minister, premier, or chancellor along with the cabinet ministers - according to party strength as expressed in elections; by this system, the government acquires a dual responsibility: to the people as well as to the parliament.
 
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