The National anthem of Japan is "Kimigayo" which means in English "The Emperor"s Reign".
The music to Japan's anthem was written by Hiromori HAYASHI.
The lyrics writer of "Kimigayo" is unknown.
Adopted 1999; In Use As Unofficial National Anthem Since 1883; Oldest Anthem Lyrics In The World, Dating To The 10Th Century Or Earlier; There Is Some Opposition To The Anthem Because Of Its Association With Militarism And Worship Of The Emperor.
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Japanese anthem lyrics (English translation)
May your reign
Continue for a thousand, eight thousand generations,
Until the pebbles
Grow into boulders
Lush with moss
Poetic English Translation By English Professor Basil Hall Chamberlain
Thousands of years of happy reign be thine;
Rule on, my lord, until what are pebbles now
By ages united to mighty rocks shall grow
Whose venerable sides the moss doth line.
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Japanese national symbol: red sun disc; chrysanthemum.
Conventional short form country name: Japan.
Conventional long form country name: none.
Local short form country name: Nihon/Nippon.
Local long form country name: Nihon-koku/Nippon-koku.
Japan Government Type: a parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy.
Parliamentary government (Cabinet-Parliamentary government) is a government in which members of an executive branch (the cabinet and its leader - a prime minister, premier, or chancellor) are nominated to their positions by a legislature or parliament, and are directly responsible to it; this type of government can be dissolved at will by the parliament (legislature) by means of a no confidence vote or the leader of the cabinet may dissolve the parliament if it can no longer function.
Constitutional monarchy is a system of government in which a monarch is guided by a constitution whereby his/her rights, duties, and responsibilities are spelled out in written law or by custom.