The National anthem of Portugal is "A Portugesa" which means in English "The Song of the Portuguese".
Portugal's anthem lyrics were written by Henrique LOPES DE MENDOCA and the music was written by Alfredo KEIL.
Adopted 1910; "A Portuguesa" Was Originally Written To Protest The Portuguese Monarchy's Acquiescence To The 1890 British Ultimatum Forcing Portugal To Give Up Areas Of Africa; The Lyrics Refer To The "Insult" That Resulted From The Event.
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Portuguese anthem lyrics (English translation)
Heroes of the sea, noble people,
Brave and immortal nation,
Raise once again today,
The splendor of Portugal!
Among the haze of memory,
Oh Fatherland, one feels the voice
Of your distinguished forefathers,
That shall lead you to victory!
To arms, to arms!
Over land, over sea,
To arms, to arms!
For the Fatherland, fight!
Against the cannons, march on, march on!
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Portuguese national symbol: armillary sphere (a spherical astrolabe modeling objects in the sky and representing the Republic).
Conventional short form country name: Portugal.
Conventional long form country name: Portuguese Republic.
Local short form country name: Portugal.
Local long form country name: Republica Portuguesa.
Portugal Government Type: republic; parliamentary democracy.
Parliamentary democracy is a political system in which the legislature (parliament) selects the government - a prime minister, premier, or chancellor along with the cabinet ministers - according to party strength as expressed in elections; by this system, the government acquires a dual responsibility: to the people as well as to the parliament.