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Hi, Im looking for information about the national anthem of Turkey.
Who wrote the Turkish national anthem (lyrics and music)?
When was the national anthem of Turkey officially adopted?
Please add any valuable information like links to anthem's mp3, video, lyrics, free sheet music etc.
asked in Countries And Government by (17.5k points)

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The National anthem of Turkey is "Istiklal Marsi" which means in English "Independence March".
Turkey's anthem lyrics were written by Mehmet Akif ERSOY and the music was written by Zeki UNGOR.
Lyrics Adopted 1921, Music Adopted 1932; The Anthem's Original Music Was Adopted In 1924; A New Composition Was Agreed Upon In 1932.
National anthem of Turkey free mp3 download
Press to download the mp3 file of Turkey's National anthem - See link (file source: cia world factbook).
Listen to Turkey national anthem on Youtube
Turkish anthem lyrics (English translation)
Fear not, the crimson banner that proudly ripples in this glorious dawn, shall not fade,
Before the last fiery hearth that is ablaze within my homeland is extinguished.
For that is the star of my people, and it will forever shine;
It is mine; and solely belongs to my valiant nation.
Frown not, I beseech you, oh thou coy crescent,
Smile upon my heroic nation!1 Why the anger, why the rage?
Our blood which we shed for you might not be worthy otherwise;
For freedom is the absolute right of my God-worshipping nation.
Note: The lyrics of the Turkish National Anthem consist of a long poem which has 50 lines of verse. Only the first 10 lines are performed in official ceremonies.
You can find more information about Turkish anthem on Wikipedia - See link.
Sheet Music: View the Turkish national anthem sheet music - See link.


Turkish national symbol: star and crescent.

Turkey flag

Conventional short form country name: Turkey.
Conventional long form country name: Republic of Turkey.
Local short form country name: Turkiye.
Local long form country name: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti.
Turkey Government Type: republican parliamentary democracy.
Parliamentary democracy is a political system in which the legislature (parliament) selects the government - a prime minister, premier, or chancellor along with the cabinet ministers - according to party strength as expressed in elections; by this system, the government acquires a dual responsibility: to the people as well as to the parliament. 
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