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I would like to know what is the meaning of "Atrophy" in English and what is the correct translation in Spanish?
I saw this term in a list of ethnobotanic uses.
asked in Health Terms by (64.1k points)

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Meaning of Atrophy
Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. Causes of atrophy include mutations (which can destroy the gene to build up the organ), poor nourishment, poor circulation, loss of hormonal support, loss of nerve supply to the target organ, excessive amount of apoptosis of cells, and disuse or lack of exercise or disease intrinsic to the tissue itself. Hormonal and nerve inputs that maintain an organ or body part are referred to as trophic in medical practice ('trophic" is an adjective that can be paired with various nouns). Trophic describes the trophic condition of tissue. A diminished muscular trophic is designated as atrophy. - See link

 

Atrophy in Spanish is Atrofia
La palabra atrofia proviene del griego àtrophos que significa "sin nutrición". En términos biológicos consiste en una disminución importante del tamaño de la célula y del órgano del que forma parte, debido a la pérdida de masa celular. Las células atróficas muestran una disminución de la función pero no están muertas. Con respecto a lo anterior se puede precisar que un perfecto metabolismo celular no depende únicamente de un aporte eficaz de sustancias nutritivas, sino que también de una correcta utilización de éstas; esto es solamente posible cuando las células viven en un ambiente idóneo para su estructura morfológica y funcional. La estructuración morfológica de la célula está condicionada por el ambiente en que vive, es por eso que las múltiples formas de las células de nuestro organismo responden a la adaptación de la materia viva a condiciones externas bien definidas, la diferenciación celular representa la exteriorización de una adaptación latente, acumulada a través de millones de generaciones. - See link

 

More information about Atrophy in other websites
Definition of Atrophy in a medical dictionary (Thefreedictionary) - See link.
See the definition of Atrophy in the Oxford dictionaries - See link.
Search PubMed (US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health) for the term Atrophy - See link.
See if there is something in Youtube on the term Atrophy - See link.

 

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